With computers becoming an indispensable part of every household, business or institution in this modern era of information technology, taking care of the safe disposal of these used machines has become a major issue over the years. The boom of the internet and the reduced cost of computers and related IT equipment have encouraged both individuals and corporations to buy and own multiple computers and laptops. This in turn has led to a high increase in the number of these devices worldwide.
Proper disposal of the IT equipment requires an efficient and secure disposal service system that can disassemble and segregate all the individual machine components of computers and other IT equipment. These spare parts then can either be recycled or reused to manufacture new computers or IT products. A well defined disposal service system takes care of a lot of services right from the complete breaking down of an unusable product for recycling, reusing the intact parts for other machines, removal of all the component labels, resale of specific components to maintaining a detailed report of all the IT parts that have been disposed off.
IT Recycling: An effective solution for responsible disposal of IT equipment
IT Recycling or Computer Recycling is one of the best methods for safe and legal disposal of computers and IT equipment. Typically, computer recycling can be defined as the reuse of computers, electronic items and IT products. It may comprise of either using the dismantled machine components for manufacturing other products or just finding an alternative use for these disassembled components.
Why use computer recycling?
There are a number of major reasons that make it necessary to recycle computer parts and components. These reasons vary from environmental factors, security concerns, disposal laws etc. Some of the primary reasons are mentioned below:
- Less Pollution: This is the foremost reason for computer recycling. The computer or electronic parts found in unused computers are made of chemical constituents that are highly toxic and emit harmful radiations leading to health hazards. These parts are also used for landfills which can cause seepage of hazardous chemicals like mercury, chromium, cadmium and other isotopes to the ground water hence contributing to the already high levels of environmental pollution.
- Legal aspects: The safe disposal laws in many countries demand that computer manufacturers be monitored by the state agencies aiding them to manage, sell or dispose the surplus computers, regulating the inappropriate disposal of computer parts or IT equipment and set up a recycling fund which may provide grants for supporting new systems of IT recycling.
- Lend a helping hand: The recycled computer parts can help to serve specific needs of other people in different ways. For example, one may donate them to charitable institutions or organizations that may greatly benefit from them.
Popular methods of computer recycling
- Individual recycling: This type of recycling can be done by any consumer and consists of distinct methods some of which are:
- Resale: Consumers can easily resell used computers or computer parts to other users by through various means such as auctions or online ads.
- Product exchange: Many computer manufacturers provide the service of free part replacement to consumers where any non functional and old parts are taken back by the company and replaced by new ones.
- Scrapping: The more valuable parts of IT equipments are dismantled and sold separately as scrap.
- Corporate Recycling: Big sized computer firms or corporations have a highly organized and streamlined recycling system which helps manage the large numbers of computer and electronic equipment. Special data security techniques like on site data eradication and safe transport and transfer of devices are employed to protect confidential data.
Other related IT equipment recycling
Besides the main stream computer recycling, other related types of device recycling methods are available too. While the procedure for laptop recycling, monitor recycling, printer recycling is similar to computer recycling, there are other devices like servers, mobiles and hard drives which may store highly confidential personal and professional data that needs to be protected. Such devices have to be tagged and catalogued systematically before recycling them. The hard drive shredding or destruction methods are effective for secure hard drive recycling. The shredding method can be used for safe server recycling and mobile recycling too.